When checking the latest information, it is said that the number of ethnic groups in the world today stands at around one hundred thousand. The classification of these groups is based on the history, cultural heritage, and the homeland.
Just like with any other groups, there are the majority ethnic groups as well as the minority ethnic groups. According to the data released by the UN, there are still other minority ethnic groups that are unknown and undocumented.
Today, the Uyghur ethnic group is considered to be among the minority ethnic groups that exist. They originate from Turkey and currently can be found in East and Central Asia. They can be found in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in mainland China. They are classified as among the 55 minority groups in China.
Although the largest number live in China, they are also spread across other countries that neighbor Turkey. Kazakhstan is the second country that has a huge number of these people standing at 200,000 by 2010. Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan follows closely with over 55,000 and 49,000 respectively. Even though these people come from Turkey, their number in this country stands at only 45,000.
They have small numbers spread across the world. There was a time when these people were mainly called the Turks because of their language.
According to the late 19th Century encyclopedia, the Uyghurs were considered to be the most ancient of the Turkish tribes. Their history dates back to the 2nd Century. The 15th century marks the time when the Uyghur name was lost but later on, in time it was reintroduced. People use this name to address the entire group rather than a specific group.
This group is known to be among the minority ethnic group and also as the oldest group to exist. They are also known as one of the groups that have stayed true to their beliefs as their ancestors.
Their economic activities involve farming, black smith, and baking in this region. There is a small group that is known for practicing pastoralism in this region as well.
The Uyghurs are known for speaking Uyghur and Chinese language. They widely practice Islam and are the followers of the Sunni Sect. The Uyghur people also have ties with the Turkic people, the Karluks, and the Tocharians people.
The Uyghur people spread across the world when their kingdoms collapsed. The split ended up with the formation of the Ganzhou Kingdom near the present-day Zhangye in China. People believe that the current Uyghur people are descendants of this kingdom.
The people of Uyghur have had an opportunity that other groups have failed of practicing their belief without external influences from other people.